Materials for robotics
On March 26, 2015 General Director of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM), Academician Evgeny Kablov has participated in interdisciplinary scientific and practical conference "Robotic systems and special purpose techniques" dedicated to the 185th anniversary of the N.E. Bauman MSTU.
During the event Evgeny Kablov has presented the "Materials and manufacturing technologies for a new generation of robotic systems" report. In particular he has reminded the participants of the conference about the message of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin to the Federal Assembly in which the head of the state highlighted the need for large-scale renovation of the domestic industry in order to make our country a supplier of ideas and technologies for the world, to take the leading position in the production of goods and services. "To realize these plans we need to remove the critical dependence on foreign technology and industrial products", - said Evgeny Kablov.
The speaker has also spoken about the promising materials for robotics which include informcomposites, electroactive polymers, ultra-light metallic and ceramic materials as well as materials with shape memory effect.
In addition, Evgeny Kablov has raised the issue of additive technologies which, according to many experts, is one of the key areas of reform of the domestic industry. In particular he informed the participants about the creation of the additive manufacturing complete cycle in VIAM whereby experts from the institute produced a part for promising aircraft engine PD-14 by additive technologies using domestic metal-powder composition for the first time in Russia. "We were able to make a combustion chamber swirl front mechanism which fully meets the requirements of the design documentation", - said Evgeny Kablov, adding that "cycle of such swirls production is on average 10 times less than by the technology of investment casting".
In his speech Evgeny Kablov has highlighted a number of problems faced by our country during the development of additive technology. According to him in Russia there is no production of metallic and non-metallic powder compositions, shortage of qualified specialists in this field as well as no developed national standards for additive manufacturing.
The head of VIAM has also spoken about the institute created system of training and professional development of science, engineering and teaching staff. "We were one of the first scientific institutions in Russia which has the right to carry out educational activities for Master's degree programs. Education in VIAM is not only a deep theoretical knowledge in the field of materials science but also hands-on experience with modern equipment using unique scientific developments of the institute "- has summed Evgeny Kablov.