VIAM: the conference on additive technologies
On March 16, 2016 the II International conference “Additive technologies: present-day and the future” was held at the All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM).
More than 600 individuals from 230 organizations took part in the meeting, leading scientists and specialists of VIAM, representatives of domestic and foreign enterprises of different industrial fields made reports at the conference. The reports were devoted to issues such as: implementation of additive technologies into manufacturing, process modelling of article production as well as development and application of data base of standard-technical documentation, regulating production, test and use of articles produced by additive technologies in civil industrial fields.
It should be noted, that a round table themed “The improvement of state policy in the field of development of additive technologies in Russia and the role of technological platforms in promotion of their accelerated growth” was held as part of the conference.
The conference was organized by VIAM jointly with Technological platform “Materials and technologies of metallurgy” and with the participation of Technological platform “Modelling and technologies of exploitation of high-technology systems” (TP “MTEVS”).
Academician of RAS Evgeny N. Kablov, Director General of VIAM opened the plenary meeting. “The main purpose of the conference was to summarize our common work for the year that had passed since a scientific and practical conference “Additive technologies in the Russian industry”, - he pointed out.
Leader of VIAM reminded that additive technologies designed to be the key element of industrial development as well as the new industrial revolution. “The dominant national technological initiatives are additive technologies, which combine all the main elements conducive to transition of Russian industry to new technological wave”, - Evgeny Kablov pointed out.
Academician of RAS Yuri M. Mikhailov, Chairman of the Scientific and Technical Council under the Military Industrial Commission of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Board of MIC RF declared that: “the sixth technological wave and additive technologies are inseparable connection”. Certainly, this direction brings great prospects for economy of the Russian Federation”.
According to him, the first conference on additive technologies, which was held at VIAM under the aegis of the Board of the Military Industrial Commission, in many respects set dynamics to develop additive industry in Russia and VIAM played the key role in that matter. “I am grateful to Evgeny N. Kablov and VIAM`s employees for organizational work in this direction”, - Yuri Mikhailov pointed out.
“According to estimates of leading experts, the world is on the threshold of the next industrial revolution and the base element of which will be technologies of digital production”, - Anatoly A. Shurygin, Deputy of Director General of the Advanced Research Foundation pointed out. – “Digital production covers all areas of modern life and industry from designing to production of functionally completed article”.
As the speaker stated, “Dmitry O. Rogozin, Deputy Chairman of the Government of RF, Chairman of guardianship board of ARF has formulated a task to develop digital production in Russia. It is necessary to strengthen interaction between the Military-Industrial Commission of RF, Minpromtorg of Russia and the Advanced Research Foundation in order to implement a concept of digital factory, to develop technological equipment in future as well as to develop additive technologies”. According to Anatoly Shurygin, leading scientists, designers and specialists could join their efforts to develop a national conception of digital production using the Foundation`s scientific platform.
Evgeny Kablov made a report titled “Additive technologies: present-day and the future”. Director General of VIAM reminded the attendees about the Message of Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia to the Federal Assembly, at which Head of the State suggested to implement a national technological initiative designed to ensure national security of our state, to enhance life quality as well as to develop branches of the new technological wave. “In this respect, additive technologies should be the dominant of the national technological initiatives, which allow the industry come to manufacturing technologies of new generation”, - Leader of VIAM pointed out. According to him, it was required close cooperation between science, industry and business to develop additive technologies in our country. “We need to unite the efforts of project, creative teams and fastest growing companies, which are ready to absorb advanced developments and to involve leading universities, research centers, Russian Academy of Sciences and major business associations of the country”, - he declared.
An example of such successful cooperation could be the establishment of consortia, said Evgeny Kablov. He also told about the issues of a consortium, created in the framework of the project of the Advanced Research Foundation (ARF). The consortium composed of VIAM, Perm National Research Polytechnic University and Federal State Independent Institution “Welding and control”. The main objects of the association were development and certification of corrosion-resistant high-strength materials directly for additive manufacturing as well as development of scalable technology of the complete cycle of key formed GTE and GTU parts”. He also noted the importance of development of scientific and production consortium “New materials and additive technologies”, which included VIAM, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Bauman Moscow State Technical University. “The consortium will allow solving the key issue to train highly-qualified personnel for additive branch of our country”, - Evgeny Kablov pointed out.
Concerning the world experience of development of additive technologies, Leader of VIAM noted market growth of additive technologies by 20%, while Russian`s share was only 1,7%. According to him, the main aim was to establish conditions for the industry to use more actively opportunities, which these technologies offered.
As Evgeny Kablov pointed out, meanwhile, we used only two levels of implementation of additive technologies: auxiliary production and production of demonstrators, prototypes of parts and structural elements without providing requirements of design documents. The third level represented production of pilot batch and it only began to develop. Evgeny Kablov told about VIAM`S achievements in that field. “In 2005 specialists of the institute produced front combustion chamber swirler of advanced aircraft engine PD-14 by additive technology with the use of domestic metal-powder composition, meeting all requirements of design documents.
Director General of VIAM reminded of the establishment of Scientific-technical Council on development of additive technologies in Russia, within which a working group was established in order to prepare a road map of development of additive technologies till April 2016
Leader of VIAM told about a problem of production of domestic powder compositions and added that a closed cycle of additive manufacturing parts of complex technical systems had been organized in order to solve that problem. “Established infrastructure, as soon as possible, allows to develop technologies and produce parts, meeting the requirements of regulatory documents”, - Evgeny Kablov declared.
According to him, development of regulatory framework for additive technologies is not least important task. In view of this he told, that a Technical Standardization Committee “Additive technologies” had been established on the basis of VIAM last year. “The challenge is now to draft 13 standards during 2016, starting with common areas and finishing equipment for additive technologies. This is very important challenge, because we need to speak the same language in order to understand each other”, - Head of VIAM pointed out.
In conclusion, he noted priority tasks of national program for development of additive technologies, including development of serial production of domestic metal-powder compositions and equipment for selective laser synthesis, development of software support for additive equipment management operations system, solution of employment issue.
Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Andrey I. Rudskoy, Rector of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University reported about experience on application of dynamically developing additive technologies. “By the projections of experts, market volume of additive technologies will exceed 12 billions of dollars by 2018, while share of aerospace industry will account for 15-20%”, - he informed.
Specifics of layerwise synthesis such as: decrease of production time, saving of raw materials, cost saving of manufacturing aroused great interest of individuals in additive technologies. “This is a new level of design of super complex articles”, - Rector of SPbPU.
Andrey Rudskoy spoke about the results of collaborative work with VIAM to develop a database of technological properties of domestic heat-resistant alloys and which will be supplemented with properties of other materials. “This is very important parameters, which allow in perspective to develop technologies of article manufacture by 3D-growing in different industries”, - he declared. Besides, Rector reported about performed by SPbPU jointly with VIAM research of selective laser melting process of domestic and foreign powders of heat-resisting nickel alloys. “We have researched microstructure, density of the material, fatigue properties. The developed technologies will be the basis for production of whole family of advanced aviation engines”, - he declared.
SPbPU cooperates with VIAM within the framework of activity of Technical Standardization Committee, organized on the basis of VIAM. “Standardization in the field of additive technologies is an important step to implement these technologies into industrial sector of Russian economy”, - Andrey Rudskoy pointed out.
After the plenary meeting, the conference continued in two sections.
At the end of the conference, the attendees expressed their gratitude to the leadership of VIAM for the excellent organization of the meeting. According to them, presented reports aroused great interest thanks to scientific novelty and practical significance. Besides, many participants noted, that the regular holding of such thematic conferences was of great importance for development of additive technologies in the Russian Federation.
The decision was made as the result of the conference.