The latest achievements in the field of aluminum alloys were discussed at VIAM
On October, 9, 2015 a conference “Basic researches and the latest achievements in the field of casting, deformation, heat treatment and protection against corrosion of aluminum alloys” was held at the All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM).
Leading scientists of VIAM, representatives of domestic design-engineering bureaus, enterprises, and academic and sectoral scientific-research institutes made reports, devoted to the level of modern development of researches in the field of advanced technologies for production, treatment and protective of aluminum alloys for complex technical systems.
It should be noted, that the conference, in which more than 300 people participated, was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR).
Academician of RAS, Evgeny N. Kablov, Director General of VIAM opened the plenary meeting. He welcomed the participants of the conference and thanked the guests for their interest to the event. According to him, several major conferences had been already held with the support of RFBR and VIAM, at which employees of the institute and representatives of outside organizations had spoken about the results of their work.
Evgeny Kablov also pointed out, that: “The basic researches are of paramount importance, because knowledge today is key element to perform tasks, which were set by the President of the Russian Federation”. He reminded the attendees, that the Head of the State had proposed to implement national technologic initiative for successful solution of which was necessary to join efforts of science, business, and industry. According to the Head of VIAM, effective tools for achieving the goals are project consortia, which will search and implement large projects for the development of innovative activities.
Evgeny Kablov reported, that the theme of the conference was very relevant: it touched upon the issues in the field of aluminum alloys beginning with casting, deformation, heat resistant, and most importantly, protection against climatic factors. “Only the annual world losses from corrosion are estimated at 3,2 trillion dollars,” – he pointed out. “In this regard, it is important, that the Ministry of Industry and Trade of RF (Minpromtorg) supported the program to create national network of climatic stations, where will be carried out tests in all climatic zones of the country”, - Evgeny Kablov added.
Director General of the institute also informed, that VIAM planned to create a station in Cuba, aimed to estimate influence of climatic factors on polymer and metal materials.
Michael B. Bogatyrev, deputy Director of the Department of aviation industry of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russian Federation delivered welcoming remarks to the participants. He thanked VIAM for the excellent organization of the conference and expressed special gratitude to Evgeny N. Kablov, who had made a huge contribution to the development of basic and applied sciences.
As Michael Bogatyrev declared, “Certainly, that difficult period, which we lived through in the 90s, couldn’t but have an impact on our aviation industry. In spite of recently attempted significant efforts, we are still having some problems such as: the focus of our vision is disturbed and the dynamic of development of industry has been lost”, - the representative of Minpromtorg pointed out. According to him, in this regard, holding of such conferences has an important significance, giving an opportunity to exchange views on the issues and to outline the ways of their solutions.
Academician of RAS, Vladislav Ya. Panchenko, Chairman of the Board of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research named the ongoing conference a momentous event, allowing seeing the results of the cooperation between VIAM and RFBR. “As far as I`m concerned, the interaction between our organizations is very productively, - he informed. – Several years ago we started programs on interdisciplinary scientific researches, related to the development of advanced materials for aviation and space industries”.
The Head of RFBR also noted the progress in the program implementation on additive technologies. “Unfortunately, before now we haven’t had domestic industrial units for laser sintering, and also powders with those desired properties, which are required for industrial production. It is gratifying, that the work on production of unique powders has already been started, because the powders are the primary elements for additive technologies”, - Vladislav Panchenko pointed out.
Cand. of Sc. (Tech.) Vladislav V. Antipov, Head of scientific-research bureau «Titanium, magnesium, beryllium and aluminum alloys» made a report “Basic researches as basis for development of aluminum alloys of new generation”.
He reported that materials of new generation are developed at VIAM and they can help to implement different innovative projects.
As Vladislav Antipov informed, that fundamental principles had been formed at VIAM, which laid the foundation for the development of materials of new generation. “We jointly with institutes of RAS and other scientific organizations carry out fundamentally-oriented researches in this field. Besides, in the process of the development of materials it is necessary to comply with the principles of continuity: “material-technology-design”, - Head of scientific-research bureau pointed out.
Academician of RAS, Valery N. Charushin, Vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chairman of the Presidium of Ural Division of RAS, Director of the I. Ya. Postovsky Institute of Organic Synthesis Ural Division of RAS reported about works of the institutes of Ural Division of RAS related to the development of new materials based on aluminum. He pointed out, that academic community of Ural worked closely with industrial organizations, and had made interindustrial agreements between enterprises of State Corporations “Rosatom” and Roscosmos”.
“We are working to develop new materials and improve technologies, for example, we are strengthening blades of engines, creating ligature alloys and developing innovative nanocomposites”, - Valery Charushin said.
Doctor of Chemistry Sciences, Sergey V. Gnedenkov, Deputy Director of scientific work of FSBIS “Institute of Chemistry of Far-Eastern Division of RAS” made a report titled “Surface modification of materials by method of plasma electrolytic oxidation: condition, development trends”.
“It is impossible to develop the newest materials with unique microchemical and anticorrosion properties without the use of modern methods of surface research. One of them is the surface modification of materials by method of plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO). Dozens of scientific-research organizations work in the field of PEO in this country and abroad, including VIAM, with whom we do years-long scientific researches”, - he pointed out.
Doctor of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Radik R. Mulyukov, Director of FSBIS “Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems of RAS” prepared a report “Research and practical application of superplastic effect of aluminum alloys”.
After the plenary meeting the work of the conference was continued in two sections.
Summarizing the results of the conference the attendees expressed their gratitude to the leadership of VIAM and RFBR for excellent organization and holding of the meeting. In general opinion, the presented reports aroused a big interest thanks to scientific novelty and practical significance.
A decision was taken after the discussion.
As Valery N. Charushin, Chairman of the Presidium of Ural Division of RAS declared in the run-up to the conference: “Whenever you enter into the renowned institute, you feel a thrill, because you understand, that VIAM to a large extent determines the development of aerospace industry, which is the most important for our government as it is impossible to develop modern samples of equipment without new materials. “It`s especially true today, when every days we watch concrete combat use of our aviation, its efficiency and reliability on a television. And that is thanks to work of a huge number of scientists, designers, engineers, technologists, whose work cannot be separated from VIAM, because the institute coordinates the issues in the field of development and application of materials, and also actively cooperates with academic and industrial research institutes, higher educational institutes, and industrial enterprises. Undoubtedly, Academician of RAS, Evgeny N. Kablov, Director General of VIAM has contributed enormously to this complex process”, - he pointed out. “The theme of the conference is extremely important, because the production and implementation of light alloy is the key fragment and without it we cannot successfully develop aerospace industry. And I am too glad, that RFBR supports the development of this scientific direction”, - he added. And also Valery Charushin reminded, that in September, 2016 the XX Mendeleev Congress on General and Applied Chemistry would be held in Yekaterinburg, at which the direction of materials science would be one of the central issues. “One of sections, which is headed by Evgeny Kablov, member of organizing committee of the congress, will be devoted to the direction of materials science”, - Vice-president of RAS concluded.
In turn, Ruslan M. Yanbaev, Director General of OJSC “KAI-Laser” pointed out, that the theme of the conference was very important for his organization. “It is no coincidence that the conference is taking place in these walls, because VIAM is the acknowledged leader in the development of the newest materials. “KAI-Laser” intends to be in fruitfully cooperation with VIAM, and I hope that it will contribute to the development of domestic machine building, aircraft industry, appearance and implementation of new technologies”, - he reported.
Before the event Radik Mulyukov, Director of FSBIS “Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems of RAS” spoke that: “Our institute is actively engaged in research and appliance of aluminum alloys. We don`t develop new alloys, but we generate necessary structure and achieve the effective application of them. And we work with the alloys, which mainly have been developed by the All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Aviation Materials.”