VYACHESLAV BUZNIK: ABOUT SCIENCE AND SCIENTISTS
On August 11, 2015, a regular meeting has been held at the All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Aviation Materials within the project “Synkletos at VIAM”. The guest of the event was Academician of RAS, Vyacheslav M. Buznik, head of the laboratory “Materials for Arctic climate”, VIAM.
In his report, he told about the features of academic and branch science, an important role of transfer of knowledge to young scientists; he presented his point of view concerning actual issues of the domestic science and also answered numerous questions of the attendees.
“In my opinion, division of the science into academic and practical ones can be hardly evaluated as correct, - Vyacheslav Buznik pointed out. Personally, I hold the opinion, which formerly was given by Max Born: “Don`t divide physicists into theorists and experimentalists, divide them into good and bad”.
According to him, both directions have their strengths and weaknesses. “In academic institutions the scientists usually work at tasks, which they set themselves due to interests, thereby they have more freedom and fantasy. There are no tight timing constraints, that`s way there are more possibilities to look at issues “widely and deeply”, he said, “In branch science one is organized by the work, one does not set tasks yourself, but practice does and you should well know the particulars of engineering. At an academic institute it is interesting to study something, at a branch institute – to become something”.
“If the employees of academic and branch science obtain a necessary result, it means that they are useful to society, and feeling of efficiency gives them satisfaction”, - Vyacheslav Buznik pointed out. “In addition, connection between theory and practice is very important for scientists. Such work is carried out at VIAM and yields its results”, - he added.
According to Academician Buznik, interaction between teachers and students takes on special significance in the development of the domestic science, and transfer of knowledge to young scientists plays a great role in it. “I would like to wish them more initiative in their work and also not to evaluate their failures as a defeat, but to consider them as training before new achievements”, - Vyacheslav Buznik pointed out.
Besides, he said, that “for more effective work aimed at popularization of science among young people it is necessary to motivate children in every possible way starting from school time, to allure them with long-range goals and ideas”.
In conclusion of the meeting, the participants of the Synkletos thanked Vyacheslav Buznik for the fascinating story and wish him further professional success.
Upon graduation of Radiophysical Faculty of Tomsk State University, Vyacheslav M. Buznik worked at the Institute of Physics of Siberian Branch (SB) of Academy of Sciences of USSR and then – at the Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology (SB of Academy of Sciences of USSR, Krasnoyarsk). In 1990-1995, he was Director of the Institute of Chemistry (FEB of RAS, Vladivostok), than Vyacheslav M. Buznik was the Chairman of the Khabarovsk Research Center (FEB of RAS). In 2002-2005, he worked as the Chief Scientific Officer of the Institute of Catalysis named after G.K. Boreskov (SB of RAS, Novosibirsk) combined with his second job as managing director of the Center for Technology Transfer (SB of RAS, Novosibirsk). In 2005 Vyacheslav Buznik worked as the Chief Scientific Officer of the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science named after A.A. Baikov of RAS and concurrently as the Director of Innovative and Technological Center “Chernogolovka” of RAS. In 2009-2012, he was the Adviser on science of the Chairman of the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Since 2013 Vyacheslav Buznik works at the All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM).
Fields of his scientific interests are as follows: quantum chemistry, radio-spectroscopy, synthesis and production technology of new materials based on fluoropolymers, study of materials structure by physical methods, innovative activity, small high-tech business and scientometrics.
Vyacheslav Buznik became Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (1972, radio-physics, including quantum physics), Doctor of Chemistry (1985, physical chemistry and solid state physics), corresponding member of RAS (1994), full member of RAS (1997, Department of chemistry and new materials sciences), Professor (Department of inorganic chemistry).
Vyacheslav Buznik is Deputy Chairman of the Coordination Council on innovative activity and intellectual property of RAS and a Member of the Scientific Council of RAS (Physical Chemistry of ultra-disperse system – nanomaterials).
Vyacheslav Buznik is the winner of the Prize of the President of the Russian Federation. He was awarded the second-class Medal of the Order “For Merit to the Fatherland”.