VIAM: the future of additive technologies
On February 10, 2015 the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM) held a scientific and practical conference "Additive Technology in the Russian Industry".
During the event, representatives of the federal executive bodies, leading scientists and specialists of enterprises and research institutes of aviation, aerospace and other industries working in the field of additive technologies have reported.
Deputy Prime Minister has offered to begin formation of a working group on the organization of a new branch immediately, combining efforts in the development of end-to-end design cycle. "We need to unite the efforts of experts to develop a national concept of digital production, including program code, process equipment as well as common approaches and standards to enable end-to-end design cycle and production of promising types of equipment," - he said.
The General Director of VIAM, Academician Evgeny Kablov spoke on "Additive Technology - a key element of industrial policy of the Russian Federation". According to him "today there is a boom of additive technologies in all developed countries. The world market for these technologies grew up by an average of 27.4% from 2010 to 2014; as a result its volume reached $ 3 billion".
According to him, the world leaders in the field of additive technologies are the United States, Germany and China. In addition, 22 countries have established national Association of additive technologies, united in the GARPA alliance. "For example, the Boeing corporation produces more than 22 thousand pieces of 300 titles for 10 types of commercial and military aircraft thanks to 3D-printing", - said Evgeny Kablov.
In his speech the spokesman has highlighted a number of problems our country faced during the development of additive technology. According to Evgeny Kablov, there are no production of metallic and non-metallic powder compositions, very few qualified specialists in this field as well as undeveloped national standards for additive manufacturing in Russia.
Evgeny Kablov has noted that "despite all the difficulties, the national science and industry have all the prerequisites for development of this subject". In particular, he mentioned the example of VIAM, where an additive full-cycle production is created and also confessed about the successful cooperation of VIAM, IPLIT of RAS and SPbSTU to develop additive technologies for the manufacture and repair of gas turbine engines parts. "This project will make the evolution from traditional manufacturing and repair technologies of gas turbine engine components with complicated profile to technologies of new generation," - said Evgeny Kablov.
In addition, he said that for the first time in Russia VIAM has produced a part of the domestic advanced aircraft engine PD-14 by additive technology using a domestic metal-powder composition. "We were able to make a "swirl" of the "front-line" mechanism of the combustion chamber which fully meets the requirements of the design documentation", - he said, adding that "in average the cycle of manufacturing parts by selective laser melting is 10 times less than by casting technology on melting prototypes".
It should be noted that prior to the conference, Dmitry Rogozin has visited exposition, which presented the domestic developments in additive technology.
In particular, at the stand of VIAM, the General Director of the Institute, Academician Evgeny Kablov has reported to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Rogozin on some promising developments of VIAM to create and expand the additive technology.